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Airborne molds and mycotoxins in Serpula lacrymans –damaged homes

Abstract : For some years, the degradation of homes by the dry rot fungus Serpula lacrymans increased. This study described, for the first time, the fungal contamination in homes located in Low–Normandy (France) and damaged by Serpula lacrymans. Wood–decaying fungi, airborne molds, fungal species growing on building materials were investigated by cultural and molecular methods. Mycotoxins in the air were quantified by HPLC–MS/MS and the mutagenicity of fungal aerosols was also evaluated using the Ames test. The results showed that Serpula lacrymans was detected in the air for one third of homes with sometimes the co–occurrence of other ligninolytic basidiomycetes species like Donkioporia expansa. Various molds in the air and on materials (117 and 103 species, respectively) were also identified indicating the complexity of indoor mycoflora. Certain recurrent species like Aspergillus versicolor and Penicillium fellutanum were observed both on building materials and in the air. The presence of cellulolytic molds in fungal aerosols and on building materials could be used as an indicator of home degradation. Airborne culturable fungal levels were measured up to 5.8 x 105 Colony Forming Units (CFU) per cubic meter of the air (CFU/m3) depending on the home. Fungal concentrations also depended on the type of collector (filter or liquid) and were significantly correlated with the median of particles between 2–15 μm in size. Two mycotoxins (alternariol and/or ochratoxin A) were observed in 4 homes but no mutagenic activity was found.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 28, 2021 - 11:23:47 AM
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Didier Pottier, Veronique Andre, Jean-Philippe Rioult, Alain Bourreau, Chantal Duhamel, et al.. Airborne molds and mycotoxins in Serpula lacrymans –damaged homes. Atmospheric Pollution Research, Elsevier, 2014, 5 (2), pp.325-334. ⟨10.5094/APR.2014.038⟩. ⟨hal-02186760⟩



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