Caffeine Reverts Memory But Not Mood Impairment in a Depression-Prone Mouse Strain with Up-Regulated Adenosine A Receptor in Hippocampal Glutamate Synapses

Abstract : Caffeine prophylactically prevents mood and memory impairments through adenosine A receptor (AR) antagonism. AR antagonists also therapeutically revert mood and memory impairments, but it is not known if caffeine is also therapeutically or only prophylactically effective. Since depression is accompanied by mood and memory alterations, we now explored if chronic (4 weeks) caffeine consumption (0.3 g/L) reverts mood and memory impairment in helpless mice (HM, 12 weeks old), a bred-based model of depression. HM displayed higher immobility in the tail suspension and forced swimming tests, greater anxiety in the elevated plus maze, and poorer memory performance (modified Y-maze and object recognition). HM also had reduced density of synaptic (synaptophysin, SNAP-25), namely, glutamatergic (vGluT1; -22 ± 7 %) and GABAergic (vGAT; -23 ± 8 %) markers in the hippocampus. HM displayed higher AR density (72 ± 6 %) in hippocampal synapses, an enhanced facilitation of hippocampal glutamate release by the AR agonist, CGS21680 (30 nM), and a larger LTP amplitude (54 ± 8 % vs. 21 ± 5 % in controls) that was restored to control levels (30 ± 10 %) by the AR antagonist, SCH58261 (50 nM). Notably, caffeine intake reverted memory deficits and reverted the loss of hippocampal synaptic markers but did not affect helpless or anxiety behavior. These results reinforce the validity of HM as an animal model of depression by showing that they also display reference memory deficits. Furthermore, caffeine intake selectively reverted memory but not mood deficits displayed by HM, which are associated with an increased density and functional impact of hippocampal AR controlling synaptic glutamatergic function.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02185486
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Soumis le : mardi 16 juillet 2019 - 16:21:51
Dernière modification le : jeudi 21 novembre 2019 - 02:02:44

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Nuno J Machado, Ana Patrícia Simões, Henrique B Silva, Ana Paula Ardais, Manuella P Kaster, et al.. Caffeine Reverts Memory But Not Mood Impairment in a Depression-Prone Mouse Strain with Up-Regulated Adenosine A Receptor in Hippocampal Glutamate Synapses. Molecular Neurobiology, 2017, 54 (2), pp.1552-1563. ⟨10.1007/s12035-016-9774-9⟩. ⟨hal-02185486⟩

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