An active thermography approach for thermal and electrical characterization of thermoelectric materials

Abstract : The enhancement of figure of merit (ZT) of thermoelectrics is becoming extremely important for an efficient conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy. In this respect, reliable measurements of thermal and electrical parameters are of paramount importance in order to characterize thermoelectric materials in terms of their efficiency. In this work, a combined theoretical-experimental active thermography approach is presented. The method consists of selecting the right sequential interdependence between the excitation frequency and the sampling rate of the infrared camera, by computing a temporal Fourier analysis of each pixel of the recorded IR image. The method is validated by using a reference sample which is then applied to a recent synthesized titanium trisulphide thermoelectric material (TiS 3 ). By combining AC and steady-state experiments, one can obtain information on both thermal and electrical parameters of TE materials (namely thermal diffusivity, Seebeck coefficient). The thermal diffusivity and thermal conductivity of TiS 3 are also measured using photothermal radiometry technique (PTR) and the resulting values of these parameters are α = 9.7 ∗ 10 -7 m 2 s -1 and k = 2.2 W m -1 K, respectively. The results obtained with the two techniques are in good agreement. In the case of TE materials, the main benefit of the proposed method is related to its non-contact nature and the possibility of obtaining the electric potential and temperature at the same probes. The Seebeck coefficient obtained by active IR thermography (S = -554 μV K -1 ) is consistent with the one obtained using an ULVAC-ZEM3 system (S = -570 μV K -1 ). For a large number of users of thermographic cameras, which are not equipped with a lock-in thermography module, the present approach provides an affordable and cheaper solution. © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd.
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Soumis le : mardi 16 juillet 2019 - 11:33:04
Dernière modification le : mercredi 2 octobre 2019 - 11:48:12

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M. Streza, S. Longuemart, E. Guilmeau, K. Strzalkowski, K. Touati, et al.. An active thermography approach for thermal and electrical characterization of thermoelectric materials. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, IOP Publishing, 2016, 49 (28), pp.285601. ⟨10.1088/0022-3727/49/28/285601⟩. ⟨hal-02184768⟩

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