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Tuning the thermoelectric properties of A-site deficient SrTiO3 ceramics by vacancies and carrier concentration

Abstract : Ceramics based on Sr0.8La0.067Ti0.8Nb0.2O3-δ have been prepared by the mixed oxide route. The La1/3NbO3 component generates ∼13.4% A-site vacancies; this was fixed for all samples. Powders were sintered under air and reducing conditions at 1450 to 1700 K; products were of high density (andgt;90% theoretical). Processing under reducing conditions led to the formation of a Ti1-xNbxO2-y second phase, core-shell structures and oxygen deficiency. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed a simple cubic structure with space group Pm3m. Transmission electron microscopy revealed a high density of dislocations while analytical scanning transmission electron microscopy at atomic resolution demonstrated a uniform distribution of La, Nb and vacancies in the lattice. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy and thermogravimetry showed the oxygen deficiency (δ value) to be ∼0.08 in reduced samples with enhanced carrier concentrations ∼2 × 1021 cm-3. Both carrier concentration and carrier mobility increased with sintering time, giving a maximum figure of merit (ZT) of 0.25. Selective additional doping by La or Nb, with no additional A site vacancies, led to the creation of additional carriers and reduced electrical resistivity. Together these led to enhanced ZT values of 0.345 at 1000 K. The contributions from oxygen vacancies and charge carriers have been investigated independently. © 2016 the Owner Societies.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 16, 2019 - 11:32:27 AM
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D. Srivastava, C. Norman, F. Azough, M.C. Schäfer, E. Guilmeau, et al.. Tuning the thermoelectric properties of A-site deficient SrTiO3 ceramics by vacancies and carrier concentration. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016, 18 (38), pp.26475-26486. ⟨10.1039/c6cp05523k⟩. ⟨hal-02184754⟩



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