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Thermoelectric properties of the chalcopyrite Cu1-xMxFeS2-y series (M = Mn, Co, Ni)

Abstract : The natural chalcopyrite mineral CuFeS2 is a semiconductor material with potential for thermoelectric applications. This study presents the thermoelectric properties-electrical resistivity ρ, Seebeck coefficient S and thermal conductivity κ-of the substituted on the Cu site and/or sulfur deficient CuFeS2 chalcopyrite based series Cu1-xMxFeS2-y (M = Mn, Co, Ni, x ≤ 0.05 and y ≤ 0.02). All samples have been densified by spark plasma sintering, allowing proper measurements of S, ρ and κ at high temperature. All compounds show n-type semiconducting properties with large absolute values of S, from -220 to -340 μV K-1. Maximum ZT values up to 0.20 at 623 K were obtained for Cu0.97Mn0.03FeS2 and Cu0.98Co0.02FeS1.98. The veracity of Mn for Cu substitution into the structure has been confirmed by EDS analyses, coupled to electron diffraction within a transmission electron microscope. The latter study demonstrates the existence of twinned domains. The thermal conductivity reaches values as low as κ ∼ 1.2 W m-1 K-1 at 623 K. The magnetic properties of a Mn substituted sample did not show any significant modification in the magnetic behavior compared to the pristine CuFeS2 compound. The small negative magnetoresistance observed in CuFeS2 of about -2% at 5 K in 9 T is degraded in the Mn substituted sample. © 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 16, 2019 - 11:32:04 AM
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R. Lefèvre, David Berthebaud, M.Yu. Mychinko, O.I. Lebedev, T. Mori, et al.. Thermoelectric properties of the chalcopyrite Cu1-xMxFeS2-y series (M = Mn, Co, Ni). RSC Advances, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016, 6 (60), pp.55117-55124. ⟨10.1039/c6ra10046e⟩. ⟨hal-02184748⟩



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