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The Lactobacillus casei ptsHI47T Mutation Causes Overexpression of a LevR-Regulated but RpoN-Independent Operon Encoding a Mannose Class Phosphotransferase System

Abstract : A proteome analysis of Lactobacillus casei mutants that are affected in carbon catabolite repression revealed that a 15-kDa protein was strongly overproduced in a ptsHI47T mutant. This protein was identified as EIIA of a mannose class phosphotransferase system (PTS). A 7.1-kb DNA fragment containing the EIIA-encoding open reading frame and five other genes was sequenced. The first gene encodes a protein resembling the RpoN (σ54)-dependent Bacillus subtilis transcription activator LevR. The following pentacistronic operon is oriented in the opposite direction and encodes four proteins with strong similarity to the proteins of the B. subtilis Lev-PTS and one protein of unknown function. The genes present on the 7.1-kb DNA fragment were therefore called levR and levABCDX. The levABCDX operon was induced by fructose and mannose. No “−12, −24” promoter typical of RpoN-dependent genes precedes the L. casei lev operon, and its expression was therefore RpoN independent but required LevR. Phosphorylation of LevR by P∼His-HPr stimulates its activity, while phosphorylation by P∼EIIBLev inhibits it. Disruption of the EIIBLev-encoding levB gene therefore led to strong constitutive expression of the lev operon, which was weaker in a strain carrying a ptsI mutation preventing phosphorylation by both P∼EIIBLev and P∼His-HPr. Expression of the L. casei lev operon is also subject to P-Ser-HPr-mediated catabolite repression. The observed slow phosphoenolpyruvate- and ATP-dependent phosphorylation of HPrI47T as well as the slow phosphoryl group transfer from the mutant P∼His-HPr to EIIALev are assumed to be responsible for the elevated expression of the lev operon in the ptsHI47T mutant.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 12, 2019 - 4:16:07 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 6:38:04 AM

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Alain Maze, Grégory Boël, Sandrine Poncet, Ivan Mijakovic, Yoann Le Breton, et al.. The Lactobacillus casei ptsHI47T Mutation Causes Overexpression of a LevR-Regulated but RpoN-Independent Operon Encoding a Mannose Class Phosphotransferase System. Journal of Bacteriology, American Society for Microbiology, 2004, 186 (14), pp.4543-4555. ⟨10.1128/JB.186.14.4543-4555.2004⟩. ⟨hal-02182285⟩

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