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Aerobic glycerol dissimilation via the Enterococcus faecalis DhaK pathway depends on NADH oxidase and a phosphotransfer reaction from PEP to DhaK via EIIADha

Abstract : Two pathways for glycerol dissimilation are present in Enterococcus faecalis. Either glycerol is first phosphorylated by glycerol kinase and then oxidized by glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase with molecular oxygen as the electron acceptor (GlpO/GlpK pathway), or it is first oxidized by glycerol dehydrogenase with NAD+ as the acceptor of the reduction equivalents and then phosphorylated by dihydroxyacetone kinase (GldA/DhaK pathway). The final end product in both cases is dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP). The genes of the GldA/DhaK pathway are present in a four-gene operon structure encoding GldA, a small hypothetical protein (EF1359), and two subunits of dihydroxyacetone kinase (DhaK and DhaL). We demonstrate in this study that protein EF1359 is part of a phosphorylation cascade which phosphorylates dihydroxyacetone in a phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-dependent reaction via EI, HPr, EF1359 and DhaLK. Furthermore we show that aerobic dissimilation of glycerol via the GldA/DhaK pathway is dependent on active NADH oxidase to regenerate NADH in Ent. faecalis. A refined model of the aerobic metabolism of glycerol via the GldA/DhaK pathway is presented.
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Contributor : Axel Hartke <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 11, 2019 - 5:26:53 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 3, 2021 - 3:44:00 AM

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Nicolas Sauvageot, Rabia Ladjouzi, Abdellah Benachour, Alain Rincé, Josef Deutscher, et al.. Aerobic glycerol dissimilation via the Enterococcus faecalis DhaK pathway depends on NADH oxidase and a phosphotransfer reaction from PEP to DhaK via EIIADha. Microbiology, Microbiology Society, 2012, 158 (Pt_10), pp.2661-2666. ⟨10.1099/mic.0.061663-0⟩. ⟨hal-02180950⟩

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