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Décalages identitaires dans le supportérisme à distance, entre illégitimité et authenticité : le cas de l’Olympique de Marseille

Abstract : Supporting at the distance involves supporting a football team faraway from one’s place of residence (sometimes several hundreds of kilometres away). This form of passion thereby designates an identifica- tion and mobilisation process in favour of football clubs with no local attachment to the supported team. This practice is not limited to following the club only through the media ; it also admits modalities of hard- line support, such as regularly following the team in each stadium it plays. But, more fundamentally, this particular mode of supporting supposes an original identity commitment. Free from territorial barriers, the supporters at the distance expose themselves to several forms of depreciation of their practice, as well with the partisans who share the local anchoring of the club that with close relations. The case of Olympique de Marseille is typical. On the one hand, the promoting mode of supporting is based on the exacerbation of the identity, the singularities and the idiosyncrasies that are specifics to the city in which the club is rooted (victim of many stereotypes in the French imaginary). On the other hand, there are numerous groups of supporters spread over many French regions who follow the team. They do not thus share the territorial anchoring of the partisans of Marseille. The analysis tries to define the sense of supporting at the distance by comparing the problems which expe- riment the individuals who are involved in this practice, the way they compose with these difficulties and the « identity work » in which the supporters at the distance are engaged to reverse the forms of depreciation.
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Ludovic Lestrelin. Décalages identitaires dans le supportérisme à distance, entre illégitimité et authenticité : le cas de l’Olympique de Marseille. Revue Européenne de Management du sport, Presses universitaires du sport, 2005, pp.35-52. ⟨hal-02177318⟩

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