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Direct and hybrid microwave solid state synthesis of CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramic Microstructures and dielectric properties

Abstract : CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO) electroceramic possesses unusual giant dielectric permittivity up to epsilon = 10(4) at low frequency range and room temperature. CCTO dielectric properties strongly depend on its microstructure therefore it is essential to pay attention to the processing techniques which impact grain size and microstructure. In this work, direct and hybrid microwave solid state synthesis was specifically designed and used for the synthesis of CCTO. The microwave process was also compared to the conventional process which involves usual infrared heating. The structural (XRD) and microstructural (SEM) characterizations indicate that microwave synthesis is particularly efficient to get rapidly pure CCTO powder. The fully automated 915 MHz single-mode microwave cavity used for hybrid synthesis allows a perfect control of the temperature distribution and heating rate. Therefore hybrid microwave synthesis leads to a fine, mono-disperse and practically pure CCTO powder in the range of 300 - 500 nm. The advantages of the hybrid microwave heating method are discussed and compared to the conventional and direct microwave heating processes. From the powders synthesized by the different routes, dense compacts were sintered in air at 1050 degrees C in a conventional furnace. Microstructural characterizations reveal abnormal grain growth during sintering which levels dielectric properties. All exhibit a giant dielectric constant epsilon > 10(3) at room temperature which decreases drastically to epsilon = 90 at 10 K. Those properties are discussed according to the well-established Internal Barrier Layer Capacitor (IBLC) model.
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Guillaume Riquet, Sylvain Marinel, Yohann Breard, Christelle Harnois, Alain Pautrat. Direct and hybrid microwave solid state synthesis of CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramic Microstructures and dielectric properties. Ceramics International, Elsevier, 2018, 44 (13), pp.15228-15235. ⟨10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.05.164⟩. ⟨hal-02174434⟩



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