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Extensin arabinosylation is involved in root response to elicitors and limits oomycete colonization

Abstract : Background and Aims Extensins are hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins thought to strengthen the plant cell wall, one of the first barriers against pathogens, through intra- and intermolecular cross-links. The glycan moiety of extensins is believed to confer the correct structural conformation to the glycoprotein, leading to self-assembly within the cell wall that helps limit microbial adherence and invasion. However, this role is not clearly established. Methods We used Arabidopsis thaliana mutants impaired in extensin arabinosylation to investigate the role of extensin arabinosylation in root–microbe interactions. Mutant and wild-type roots were stimulated to elicit an immune response with flagellin 22 and immunolabelled with a set of anti-extensin antibodies. Roots were also inoculated with a soilborne oomycete, Phytophthora parasitica, to assess the effect of extensin arabinosylation on root colonization. Key Results A differential distribution of extensin epitopes was observed in wild-type plants in response to elicitation. Elicitation also triggers altered epitope expression in mutant roots compared with wild-type and non-elicited roots. Inoculation with the pathogen P. parasitica resulted in enhanced root colonization for two mutants, specifically xeg113 and rra2. Conclusions We provide evidence for a link between extensin arabinosylation and root defence, and propose a model to explain the importance of glycosylation in limiting invasion of root cells by pathogenic oomycetes.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02173816
Contributor : Arnaud Lehner <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 4, 2019 - 4:56:48 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 2, 2020 - 3:30:12 AM

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Romain Castilleux, Barbara Plancot, Bruno Gügi, Agnès Attard, Corinne Loutelier-Bourhis, et al.. Extensin arabinosylation is involved in root response to elicitors and limits oomycete colonization. Annals of Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019, pp.mcz068. ⟨10.1093/aob/mcz068⟩. ⟨hal-02173816⟩

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