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Le viol dans L’Astrée d’Honoré d’Urfé : représentation et enjeux

Abstract : The portrayal of the rapist in Honoré d’Urfé’s novel contrasts with how this figure is usually depicted in pastoral literature. In pastoral plays, the rapist is a stock character: the Satyr. Half-man, half-animal, he causes fear in shepherdesses, yet is ridiculous because he’s a jilted lover whose violent attempts always fail. The Satyr is a comic figure: laughter exorcises fear. The situation changes, however, when the rapist is a shepherd: in this case, his intentions are hidden and it is not certain his attempt will fail. In L’Astrée, the shepherd, though full of tricks, never has recourse to sexual violence: the Satyr’s avatar is Hylas, who seduces shepherdesses instead of ravishing them or using force. On one hand, rape is the act of a foreign monster: it emphasizes the regulation of human relationships through “honest friendship”, which Urfé’s pastoral novel, published during the Catholic Reformation, represents for purposes of moral education. On the other hand, it is an act committed by tyrants, Romans or barbarians: rape in interpersonal relations is the equivalent of tyranny in politics. It is therefore foreign to Forez, a province that has maintained its traditional “honesty.”
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Contributor : Marie-Gabrielle Lallemand Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 2, 2019 - 3:49:53 PM
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Marie-Gabrielle Lallemand. Le viol dans L’Astrée d’Honoré d’Urfé : représentation et enjeux. Tangence, Département des lettres et humanités de l'Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), 2017, Viol et littérature (XVIe-XIXe siècle), pp.31-43. ⟨10.7202/1041071ar⟩. ⟨hal-02171072⟩



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