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High genetic diversity of extended-spectrum β-lactamases producing Escherichia coli in feces of horses

Abstract : Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs), especially those of the CTX-M type, represent a major public health problem throughout the world. Although the carriage of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (EPE) in feces of horses is now well recognized, little is known about the diversity of EPE after treatment of horses with antibiotics. We undertook this study to assess and follow the diversity of EP Escherichia coli isolated from horses after antibiotic treatment for an infection. Fecal samples from two horses treated and two that were untreated were tested for the presence of EPE on different days. All isolated E. coli strains were evaluated for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and by whole-genome sequencing. Multi locus sequence typing, phylogrouping, resistance genes and plasmid content were extracted from genomic data. A phylogenetic analysis based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) divergence was also performed on the core genome. We isolated 35 strains belonging to the A, B1 and C phylo-groups. All but one expressed SHV-12 enzymes and one expressed CTX-M-1. Intra- and inter-horse genetic diversity of E. coli strains was identified in the genome analysis and 10 AMR profiles. Two distinct EP E. coli-resistant populations (phylo-group B1: ST4164-AMR3 and ST155-AMR2) were found in one horse, and five other resistant populations were found in the second horse (phylo-group A: ST1250-AMR1; phylo-group B1: ST1250-AMR1, ST6981-AMR1 and phylo-group C: ST10-AMR4). Some persistent EP E. coli strains were detected at least 1 month after treatment. These results indicate that EP E. coli strains isolated from horse feces show intra- and inter-host genetic diversity, even in a region with low ESBL prevalence and in horses that are rarely treated with third-generation cephalosporins. These results also suggest that horizontal gene transfer and/or selection of resistance genes probably occurs in vivo within the horse gut microbiome. Follow-up of EP E. coli resistance profiles for at least 1 month after treatment is warranted to prevent persistence of EP E. coli.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 13, 2019 - 4:31:14 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 4:00:01 PM



Syndia Sadikalay, Yann Reynaud, Stéphanie Guyomard-Rabenirina, Mélanie Falord, Célia Ducat, et al.. High genetic diversity of extended-spectrum β-lactamases producing Escherichia coli in feces of horses. Veterinary Microbiology, Elsevier, 2018, 219, pp.117-122. ⟨10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.04.016⟩. ⟨hal-02155540⟩



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