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Formulants of glyphosate-based herbicides have more deleterious impact than glyphosate on TM4 Sertoli cells

Abstract : Roundup and Glyphogan are glyphosate-based herbicides containing the same concentration of glyphosate and confidential formulants. Formulants are declared as inert diluents but some are more toxic than glyphosate, such as the family of polyethoxylated alkylamines (POEA). We tested glyphosate alone, glyphosate-based herbicide formulations and POEA on the immature mouse Sertoli cell line (TM4), at concentrations ranging from environmental to agricultural-use levels. Our results show that formulations of glyphosate-based herbicides induce TM4 mitochondrial dysfunction (like glyphosate, but to a lesser extent), disruption of cell detoxification systems, lipid droplet accumulation and mortality at sub-agricultural doses. Formulants, especially those present in Glyphogan, are more deleterious than glyphosate and thus should be considered as active principles of these pesticides. Lipid droplet accumulation after acute exposure to POEA suggests the rapid penetration and accumulation of formulants, leading to mortality after 24 h. As Sertoli cells are essential for testicular development and normal onset of spermatogenesis, disturbance of their function by glyphosate-based herbicides could contribute to disruption of reproductive function demonstrated in mammals exposed to these pesticides at a prepubertal stage of development.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02154912
Contributor : Hélène Bouraïma-Lelong <>
Submitted on : Thursday, June 13, 2019 - 10:53:27 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 2:15:48 PM

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Alison Vanlaeys, Florine Dubuisson, Gilles-Eric Séralini, Carine Travert. Formulants of glyphosate-based herbicides have more deleterious impact than glyphosate on TM4 Sertoli cells. Toxicology in Vitro, Elsevier, 2018, 52, pp.14-22. ⟨10.1016/j.tiv.2018.01.002⟩. ⟨hal-02154912⟩

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