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La personne au-delà de l'anthropologie

Abstract : Despite appearances, the individual is not an anthropological concept, because he/she is not a thing in the world, a stable identity that would have the added ability to become aware of itself. Kantian explanations regarding the individual are still in the process of freeing any naturalistic understanding of the individual by learning to radically separate the notion of substance and the individual. Kant, in showing that the natural ego is only one thing that is built gradually over time and that the pure “I” is in some sort of vacuum of determination and is accessible only as a condition of representations, offers a real possibility for thinking about the individual as a moral subject. Kant, in learning to avoid confusion between psychological personhood and moral personhood, shows that the true identity of the individual is that of practical combat and that virtue is “moral intent in fighting.”
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Emmanuel Housset. La personne au-delà de l'anthropologie. Archives de Philosophie, Centre Sèvres, 2016, t. 79 (2), pp.363-386. ⟨10.3917/aphi.792.0363⟩. ⟨hal-02147216⟩



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