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The Role of Grain Boundaries and other Defects on Phase Transformations Induced by Severe Plastic Deformation

Abstract : During the past two decades, processing of ultrafine grained materials using severe plastic deformation techniques has attracted great interest in the scientific community. Although the up-scaling of processes and the lack of ductility of ultrafine grained alloys are still some important challenges, these techniques look promising because they produce bulk materials free of porosities. More recently, some strategies to combine precipitation hardening and ultrafine grained structures have been proposed. It has also been shown that nanoscaled composite materials could be successfully processed. This experimental work rose however some very fundamental scientific questions about the influence of severe plastic deformation on the precipitation mechanisms or on the formation of supersaturated solid solution through mechanical mixing. The driving force and the thermodynamics of these phase transformations are of course affected by the high amount of energy stored in severely deformed alloys, especially as interfacial energy. But grain boundaries, with the help of dislocations and point defects, also play an important role in the kinetics. In this paper, it is proposed to shortly review these phenomena and the underlying mechanisms with a special emphasis on the contribution of grain boundaries.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 28, 2019 - 2:43:11 PM
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Xavier Sauvage, Yana Nasedkina. The Role of Grain Boundaries and other Defects on Phase Transformations Induced by Severe Plastic Deformation. Diffusion foundations, Trans Tech Publications Ltd., 2015, 5, pp.77-92. ⟨10.4028/⟩. ⟨hal-02142199⟩



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