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Microstructure, mechanical properties and aging behaviour of nanocrystalline copper–beryllium alloy

Abstract : A complex study of aging kinetics for both coarse-grained and nanostructured by severe plastic deformation Cu – 2 wt% Be alloy is reported. It is shown that aging of a coarse-grained alloy leads to continuous formation of nanosized CuBe body centred cubic (bcc, CsCl – type) semi-coherent particles with the {220} Cu // {200} CuBe crystallographic orientation relationship. These particles created significant internal stress fields and became obstacles for dislocation glide that resulted in a change in the hardness from 95 Vickers hardness (HV) for the solubilized alloy to 400 HV for the aged one. The severe plastic deformation led to the formation of a single-phase nanograined microstructure with an average grain size of 20 nm and 390 HV. It was found that this grain size was slightly driven by grain boundary segregation. Further aging of the nanocrystalline alloy led to the discontinuous formation of precipitates on the former Cu grain boundaries and skipping of metastable phases. Significant age hardening with a maximum hardness of 466 HV for the aged nanostructured alloy was observed. Mechanical tests result revealed a strong influence of microstructure and further aging on strength capability of the alloy for both coarse-grained and nanostructured alloy. A good thermal stability in the nanostructured alloy was also noticed. Theoretical calculations of the hardness value for the CuBe phase are provided. It was shown that Be as a light alloying elements could be used for direct change of microstructure of severely deformed copper alloys.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 7, 2020 - 10:44:50 AM
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Ivan Lomakin, Miguel Castillo-Rodríguez, Xavier Sauvage. Microstructure, mechanical properties and aging behaviour of nanocrystalline copper–beryllium alloy. Materials Science and Engineering: A, Elsevier, 2019, pp.206-214. ⟨10.1016/j.msea.2018.12.011⟩. ⟨hal-02142194⟩



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