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Comparative analysis of pyrolytic liquid products of beech wood, flax shives and woody biomass components

Abstract : During the course of this study, beech wood, flax shives and the three biomass components: cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, were pyrolysed at 450 °C, 500 °C, 550 °C and 600 °C. The liquid bio-oil samples recovered in each case were analysed through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and gas chromatography-flame ionisation detection (GC-FID) to identify and quantify the different molecules present. Then, principal component analysis (PCA) was used to visualise the global trend of the data. It was found that in most cases, carboxylic acids were the dominating chemical group present. Deeper analysis of the results also showed that by increasing the pyrolytic temperature, the production of some chemical groups, like carboxylic acids, was enhanced while that of other groups, like sugars and furans, was diminished. Examination of the pyrolytic liquid products from the different biomass components helped to determine the provenance of each molecule family. These results allowed to see that the formation or degradation of specific chemical families did in fact follow about the same trend as that for xylan, used as a proxy for hemicellulose, at the different pyrolytic temperatures. A quick glance at the oxygen content of the bio-oils also showed an increasing trend with pyrolytic temperature.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 23, 2019 - 10:50:23 PM
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Chetna Mohabeer, Lokmane Abdelouahed, Stéphane Marcotte, Bechara Taouk. Comparative analysis of pyrolytic liquid products of beech wood, flax shives and woody biomass components. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2017, 127, pp.269-277. ⟨10.1016/j.jaap.2017.07.025⟩. ⟨hal-02138615⟩



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