Cholinergic dilatation and constriction of feline cerebral blood vessels are mediated by stimulation of phosphoinositide metabolism via two different muscarinic receptor subtypes.

Abstract : The muscarinic receptors involved in phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis have been pharmacologically characterized in cat cerebral blood vessels. Carbachol elicited a concentration-dependent increase in inositol phosphate accumulation [inositol monophosphate, bisphosphate, trisphosphate (IP3) and tetrakisphosphate] in both major cerebral arteries and small pial vessels, which reached 140-280% of baseline at 10(-3) M carbachol (referred to as maximal effect). However, the inositol phosphate accumulation response was found to be biphasic with a submaximal effect (30-50% of the maximal stimulation) obtained at low carbachol concentrations (< 10(-5) M). Endothelial denudation induced a virtual disappearance of the submaximal PI response without affecting that elicited by high concentrations of carbachol. The pharmacology of the two carbachol-induced PI responses was investigated by comparing the potency of selected muscarinic antagonists to block the IP3 accumulation induced by 10(-7) M (endothelium-dependent submaximal effect) and 10(-4) M (endothelium-independent near-maximal effect) carbachol. In both major arteries and pial vessels, the activation of IP3 production by 10(-4) M carbachol was similarly inhibited by muscarinic antagonists with the following averaged rank order of potency (in -log IC50): 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide (4-DAMP; 8.65) > pirenzepine (8.28) > 6-chloro-5,10-dihydro-5-[(1-methyl-4-piperidinyl)acetyl]-11H- dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine-11-one (UH-AH 371; 7.87) > 11-[[2-[(diethylamino)methyl]-1-piperidinyl]acetyl]-5,-11- dihydro-6H-pyridol[2,3-b][1,4]benzodiazepine-6-one (AF-DX 116; 6.62), a pharmacological profile compatible with an M1 receptor subtype.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02135352
Contributeur : François Dauphin <>
Soumis le : mardi 21 mai 2019 - 11:24:13
Dernière modification le : lundi 26 août 2019 - 12:48:11

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  • HAL Id : hal-02135352, version 1
  • PUBMED : 8035178

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François Dauphin, Donald G Linville, Edith Hamel. Cholinergic dilatation and constriction of feline cerebral blood vessels are mediated by stimulation of phosphoinositide metabolism via two different muscarinic receptor subtypes.. Journal of Neurochemistry, Wiley, 1994, 63 (2), pp.544-51. ⟨hal-02135352⟩

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