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Vasocontractile muscarinic M1 receptors in cat cerebral arteries: pharmacological identification and detection of mRNA.

Abstract : The nature of the muscarinic receptor subtype mediating the acetylcholine (ACh)-induced constriction of the cat middle cerebral artery was investigated in vitro by recording the smooth muscle isometric tension of precontracted endothelium-denuded arterial segments. The ability of selective (pirenzepine, UH-AH 371, AF-DX 116, methoctramine, AQ-RA 741, 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide (4-DAMP) and hexahydro-sila-difenidol (HHSiD)) and non-selective (atropine) antagonists to inhibit the constriction elicited by ACh was estimated. In addition, using a subtype-specific ribonucleotide probe directed against mRNA encoding the human m1 (Hm1) muscarinic receptor, identification of the corresponding vascular receptor was undertaken in total RNA extracts from cat cerebral blood vessels. The potent inhibition of the ACh-induced constriction by M1 antagonists (pirenzepine and UH-AH 371; pA2 values respectively of 8.08 and 8.64), together with lower affinities of M2 (AF-DX 116; pA2 = 6.50, methoctramine; pA2 = 6.27 and AQ-RA 741; pA2 = 7.60) and M3 compounds (4-DAMP and HHSiD; with pA2 values of 8.85 and 7.76, respectively) strongly suggested the involvement of a pharmacological M1 receptor in this vasomotor response. Furthermore, Northern blot hybridization with the selective Hm1 ribonucleotide probe showed the presence of mRNA transcripts for this muscarinic receptor subtype in the cat cerebrovascular bed. The results indicate that muscarinic constriction in the feline cerebrovascular bed is mediated by a pharmacological M1 receptor subtype and that the corresponding m1 receptor mRNA is present in cat cerebral blood vessels. These findings clearly point to a role of M1 muscarinic receptors in cerebrovascular function.
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Contributor : François DAUPHIN Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 21, 2019 - 11:14:30 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:35:03 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-02135323, version 1
  • PUBMED : 1783002



François Dauphin, Vincent Ting, Paul Payette, Mickel Dennis, Edith Hamel. Vasocontractile muscarinic M1 receptors in cat cerebral arteries: pharmacological identification and detection of mRNA.. European Journal of Pharmacology, 1991, 207 (4), pp.319-27. ⟨hal-02135323⟩



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