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Determination of the damage threshold in woven-ply thermoplastic laminates at T>Tg: Acoustic emission and microscopic damage analysis

Abstract : An original in situ measurement of acoustic emission (AE) was applied to monitor damage progress in discrete steps during gradual load/unload tensile tests on [±45°]7 C/PPS laminates at temperatures T > Tg, when matrix ductility is enhanced. In order to understand the specific damage behavior of such materials under severe environmental conditions, AE analysis was accompanied by microscopic observations to detect the damage initiation threshold as well as the damage mechanisms within the composite material. Once the AE source mechanisms have been separated into classes thanks to the pattern recognition software Noesis, they have been identified to match physical phenomena. Earliest cracks events occur at the crimps where the rotation of warp/weft fibres takes place, followed by the intra-bundles splitting on free surface. It is observed that the onset of intralaminar cracking and debonding is affected by the presence of matrix-rich regions between the plies, because of an extensive plasticization of the PPS matrix. The study of the specific acoustic activity of neat PPS resin specimens confirms that the local plastic deformation in matrix-rich areas contributes to delay the initiation of damage, and subsequent AE signals. Finally, AE proved to be a relevant technique to investigate damage mechanisms and to determine accurately the damage threshold in TP-based composites to be used in aeronautical applications at T > Tg.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02132994
Contributor : Benoit Vieille <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 17, 2019 - 5:48:51 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 7, 2019 - 1:24:05 AM

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William Albouy, B. Vieille. Determination of the damage threshold in woven-ply thermoplastic laminates at T>Tg: Acoustic emission and microscopic damage analysis. Composites Part B: Engineering, Elsevier, 2014, 64, pp.138-146. ⟨10.1016/j.compositesb.2014.04.026⟩. ⟨hal-02132994⟩

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