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Poster communications

The cell wall pectic polymer rhamnogalacturonan-II is required for proper pollen tube elongation: implication of a putative sialyltransferase-like protein

Abstract : BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Rhamnogalacturonan-II (RG-II) is one of the pectin motifs found in the cell wall of all land plants. It contains sugars such as 2-keto-3-deoxy-d-lyxo-heptulosaric acid (Dha) and 2-keto-3-deoxy-d-manno-octulosonic acid (Kdo), and within the wall RG-II is mostly found as a dimer via a borate diester cross-link. To date, little is known regarding the biosynthesis of this motif. Here, after a brief review of our current knowledge on RG-II structure, biosynthesis and function in plants, this study explores the implications of the presence of a Golgi-localized sialyltransferase-like 2 (SIA2) protein that is possibly involved in the transfer of Dha or Kdo in the RG-II of Arabidopsis thaliana pollen tubes, a fast-growing cell type used as a model for the study of cell elongation.
METHODS
:Two heterozygous mutant lines of arabidopsis (sia2-1+/- and qrt1 × sia2-2+/-) were investigated. sia2-2+/- was in a quartet1 background and the inserted T-DNA contained the reporter gene β-glucuronidase (GUS) under the pollen-specific promoter LAT52. Pollen germination and pollen tube phenotype and growth were analysed both in vitro and in vivo by microscopy.
KEY RESULTS:
Self-pollination of heterozygous lines produced no homozygous plants in the progeny, which may suggest that the mutation could be lethal. Heterozygous mutants displayed a much lower germination rate overall and exhibited a substantial delay in germination (20 h of delay to reach 30 % of pollen grain germination compared with the wild type). In both lines, mutant pollen grains that were able to produce a tube had tubes that were either bursting, abnormal (swollen or dichotomous branching tip) or much shorter compared with wild-type pollen tubes. In vivo, mutant pollen tubes were restricted to the style, whereas the wild-type pollen tubes were detected at the base of the ovary..
CONCLUSIONS:
This study highlights that the mutation in arabidopsis SIA2 encoding a sialyltransferase-like protein that may transfer Dha or Kdo on the RG-II motif has a dramatic effect on the stability of the pollen tube cell wall.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02113310
Contributor : Arnaud Lehner Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, April 28, 2019 - 3:50:39 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 2, 2022 - 5:24:02 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02113310, version 1

Citation

Marie Dumont, Arnaud Lehner, Sophie Bouton, Marie-Christine Kiefer-Meyer, Aline Voxeur, et al.. The cell wall pectic polymer rhamnogalacturonan-II is required for proper pollen tube elongation: implication of a putative sialyltransferase-like protein. 23rd International Congress on Sexual Plant Reproduction, ICSPR, Jul 2014, Porto, Portugal. ⟨hal-02113310⟩

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