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Precipitation and grain growth modelling in Ti-Nb microalloyed steels

Abstract : Mechanical properties of microalloyed steels are enhanced by fine precipitates, that ensure grain growth control during subsequent heat treatment. This study aims at predicting austenite grain growth kinetics coupling a precipitation model and a grain growth model. These models were applied to a titanium and niobium microalloyed steel. The precipitate size distributions were first characterized by TEM and SEM and prior austenite grain boundaries were revealed by thermal etching after various isothermal treatments. From CALPHAD database, a solubility product was determined for (Ti,Nb)C precipitates. A numerical model based on the classical nucleation and growth theories was used to predict the time evolution of (Ti,Nb)C size distributions during various isothermal heat treatments. The precipitation model was validated from TEM/SEM analysis. The resulting precipitate size distributions served as entry parameters to a simple grain growth model based on Zener pinning. The pinning pressure was calculated using the whole size distribution. The resulting austenite grain growth kinetics were in good agreement with the experimental data obtained for all investigated heat treatments.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 21, 2021 - 9:34:58 PM
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Alexis Graux, Sophie Cazottes, David de Castro, David San Martin, Carlos Capdevila, et al.. Precipitation and grain growth modelling in Ti-Nb microalloyed steels. Materialia, Elsevier, 2019, 5, pp.100233. ⟨10.1016/j.mtla.2019.100233⟩. ⟨hal-02106634⟩



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