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Correlation between polymerase chain reaction analysis of the histidine biosynthesis operon, randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis and phenotypic characterization of dairy Lactococcus isolates.

Abstract : A collection of 32 lactococcal strains isolated from raw milk in the Camembert RDO (registered designation of origin) area were phenotypically and genotypically characterized. As expected for environmental isolates, all strains had a Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis phenotype. The strains were then genotypically identified by the randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique, using reference strains of lactococci. Two major clusters were identified containing the two subspecies lactis and cremoris. The subspecies lactis cluster could be divided into five subgroups whereas there was a high coefficient of similarity between all strains in the subspecies cremoris cluster. This RAPD classification was then compared with that of a traditional PCR assay using L. lactis species-specific primers corresponding to part of the histidine biosynthesis operon. The two subspecies were differentiated by the size of the fragment amplified (about 200 bp longer for subspecies cremoris). Unlike preliminary phenotypic assignments, the results of PCR experiments corroborated the genotypic identification of the lactococcal strains by RAPD allowing the technique to be reconsidered on the basis of its taxonomic efficiency.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02087625
Contributor : Nathalie Desmasures <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 2, 2019 - 11:37:35 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 3:36:05 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02087625, version 1
  • PUBMED : 10077825

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David Corroler, Nathalie Desmasures, Micheline Gueguen. Correlation between polymerase chain reaction analysis of the histidine biosynthesis operon, randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis and phenotypic characterization of dairy Lactococcus isolates.. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Springer Verlag, 1999, 51 (1), pp.91-99. ⟨hal-02087625⟩

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