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Xyloglucan and cellulose form molecular cross-bridges connecting root border cells in pea (Pisum sativum)

Abstract : Pea (Pisum sativum) root cap releases a large number of living border cells that secrete abundant mucilage into the extracellular medium. Mucilage contains a complex mixture of polysaccharides, proteins and secondary metabolites important for its structure and function in defense. Unlike xyloglucan and cellulose, pectin and arabinogalactan proteins have been investigated in pea root and shown to be major components of border cell walls and mucilage. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of xyloglucan and cellulose in pea border cells and mucilage using cytochemical staining, immunocytochemistry and laser scanning confocal microscopy. Our data show that i) unlike cellulose, xyloglucan is highly present in the released mucilage as a dense fibrillary network enclosing border cells and ii) that xyloglucan and cellulose form molecular cross-bridges that tether cells and maintain them attached together. These findings suggest that secreted xyloglucan is essential for mucilage strengthening and border cell attachment and functioning.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 1, 2019 - 6:13:39 PM
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Marc Ropitaux, Sophie Bernard, Marie-Laure Follet-Gueye, Maïté Vicré, Isabelle Boulogne, et al.. Xyloglucan and cellulose form molecular cross-bridges connecting root border cells in pea (Pisum sativum). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Elsevier, 2019, 139, pp.191-196. ⟨10.1016/j.plaphy.2019.03.023⟩. ⟨hal-02074982⟩

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