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Contamination and depuration of Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning by Acanthocardia tuberculata cockles and Callista chione clams in Moroccan waters

Abstract : This study of Gymnodinium catenatum was conducted across two sampling stations; M'diq bay and Oued Laou estuary during the period from July 2007 to May 2009. Gymnodinium catenatum blooms occurred after a rainfall event in autumn and early winter. Statically analyses showed a positive correlation with rainfall. During January 2008, the G. catenatum bloom resulted in contamination of tuberculate cockles and sweet clam by Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) toxins. In the Oued Laou estuary, the levels of these toxins in shellfish went beyond the normative threshold for consumption of shellfish, (80 µg SXTeq. /100g of meat) and reached (710 ± 82.07) and (198 ± 6.56) µg SXTeq. /100g of meat in cockles and sweet clam respectively. In M'diq bay, concentrations of PSP toxins in the meat of these two shellfish were lower (256.57 ± 12.22 µg SXTeq. /100g and 80.66 ± 8.14 µg SXTeq. /100g of meat in tuberculate cockles and sweet clam respectively. An experimental test of depuration of tuberculate cockles and sweet clam contaminated by the PSP toxins was conducted in laboratory conditions in the first week of January 2008. The results showed partial and progressive elimination of PSP toxins in two shellfish species over time. In the tuberculate cockle, the elimination of PSP appears to be slower compared with the sweet clam; it took 120 days to reach levels of 80 µg SXTeq. /100g of meat, on the other hand only 3 days were needed to reach this safe concentration in the sweet clam.
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B Rijal Leblad, H Nhhala, M. Daoudi, M Marhraoui, M K Ouelad Abdellah, et al.. Contamination and depuration of Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning by Acanthocardia tuberculata cockles and Callista chione clams in Moroccan waters. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science , Mohammed Premier University, 2017, 8 (S), pp.4634-4641. ⟨hal-02053768⟩

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