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Genotoxic effects of cadmium in human head and neck cell line SQ20B

Abstract : As cadmium may be involved in the etiology of head and neck cancers, we investigated in the present work, the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of Cd on human larynx cells. SQ20B cells were exposed to 25 and 50 μM Cd for 48 and 72 h. Results showed a dose-dependent decrease in cell viability, especially after 48 h, associated with mitochondria alterations as showed by transmission electronic microscopy. Surprisingly, the flow cytometry shows that the cells treated with Cd have a normal proliferative cycle like the untreated cell especially in G1 or G2 phase of cell cycle. DNA damages were investigated by comet assay and immunofluorescence for gamma layer of the H2AX (g-H2AX) foci formation. Results show a strong induction of DNA double-strand breaks after Cd exposure. Overall, our results demonstrate the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of Cd in human larynx cells and support the view that Cd could be an etiologic factor of head and neck cancers.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02025265
Contributor : François Sichel <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 19, 2019 - 3:42:46 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 29, 2020 - 2:41:38 PM

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Fatma Trabelsi, Rim Khlifi, Didier Goux, Marilyne Guillamin, Amel Hamza-Chaffai, et al.. Genotoxic effects of cadmium in human head and neck cell line SQ20B. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2016, 23 (16), pp.16127-16136. ⟨10.1007/s11356-016-6772-4⟩. ⟨hal-02025265⟩

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