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Journal Articles Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease Year : 2018

Advances in metabolome information retrieval: turning chemistry into biology. Part I: analytical chemistry of the metabolome

Abstract

Metabolites are small molecules produced by enzymatic reactions in a given organism. Metabolomics or metabolic phenotyping is a well‐established omics aimed at comprehensively assessing metabolites in biological systems. These comprehensive analyses use analytical platforms, mainly nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry, along with associated separation methods to gather qualitative and quantitative data. Metabolomics holistically evaluates biological systems in an unbiased, data‐driven approach that may ultimately support generation of hypotheses. The approach inherently allows the molecular characterization of a biological sample with regard to both internal (genetics) and environmental (exosome, microbiome) influences. Metabolomics workflows are based on whether the investigator knows a priori what kind of metabolites to assess. Thus, a targeted metabolomics approach is defined as a quantitative analysis (absolute concentrations are determined) or a semiquantitative analysis (relative intensities are determined) of a set of metabolites that are possibly linked to common chemical classes or a selected metabolic pathway. An untargeted metabolomics approach is a semiquantitative analysis of the largest possible number of metabolites contained in a biological sample. This is part I of a review intending to give an overview of the state of the art of major metabolic phenotyping technologies. Furthermore, their inherent analytical advantages and limits regarding experimental design, sample handling, standardization and workflow challenges are discussed.
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hal-02024533 , version 1 (05-12-2020)

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Attribution - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

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A. Tebani, Carlos Afonso, S. Bekri. Advances in metabolome information retrieval: turning chemistry into biology. Part I: analytical chemistry of the metabolome. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 2018, 41 (3), pp.379-391. ⟨10.1007/s10545-017-0074-y⟩. ⟨hal-02024533⟩
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