Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Urotensin-II is present in pancreatic extracts and inhibits insulin release in the perfused rat pancreas.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Previous work from our laboratory has demonstrated that frog urotensin-II (UII), at a high concentration, inhibits glucose-induced insulin release in the rat pancreas. We have investigated the effect of rat UII and two structural analogs on insulin secretion and searched for the presence of UII-immunoreactivity in rat pancreatic extracts. METHODS: The study was performed in the perfused rat pancreas. UII as well as its analogs were synthesized by solid phase methodology. Pancreatic extracts were analyzed for UII by reversed-phase HPLC combined with a sensitive UII RIA. RESULTS: Infusion of synthetic rat UII inhibited glucose-induced insulin release in a dose-dependent manner (IC(50): 0.12 nmol/l). UII (1 nmol/l) also inhibited the insulin responses induced by carbachol, glucagon-like peptide-1, and a calcium channel agonist (BAY K 8644). The inhibitory effect of UII was mimicked by the potent G protein-coupled receptor (GPR14) agonist [3-iodo-Tyr(6)]UII(4-11). In contrast, [Ala(8)]UII(4-11), a UII analog devoid of contractile activity on rat aortic rings, did not affect glucose-induced insulin secretion. Analysis of rat pancreatic extracts revealed the presence of an immunoreactive peptide exhibiting the same retention time as synthetic rat UII. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that UII is a potent insulinostatic peptide. The observation that UII is actually present in the pancreas suggests that this peptide may play a physiological role in the control of insulin secretion. Concerning the two UII analogs tested, only [3-iodo-Tyr(6)]UII(4-11), reportedly possessing GPR14-mediated contractile activity, mimics the insulinostatic effect of UII. This finding would support the view that UII acts on the pancreatic beta cell through the GPR14 receptor.
Complete list of metadatas
Contributor : Jérôme Leprince <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 8, 2019 - 4:19:06 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 29, 2019 - 4:36:13 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-01974193, version 1
  • PUBMED : 15588249



Ramona Silvestre, Eva Egido, Raquel Hernández, Jérôme Leprince, David Chatenet, et al.. Urotensin-II is present in pancreatic extracts and inhibits insulin release in the perfused rat pancreas.. European Journal of Endocrinology, BioScientifica, 2004, 151 (6), pp.803-9. ⟨hal-01974193⟩



Record views