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Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide protects astroglial cells against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis

Abstract : Oxidative stress, associated with a variety of disorders including neurodegenerative diseases, results from accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Oxidative stress is not only responsible for neuron apoptosis, but can also provoke astroglial cell death. Numerous studies indicate that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) promotes neuron survival, but nothing is known regarding the action of PACAP on astroglial cell survival. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the potential glioprotective effect of PACAP on H(2)O(2)-induced astrocyte death. Pre-treatment of cultured rat astrocytes with nanomolar concentrations of PACAP prevented cell death provoked by H(2)O(2) (300 μM), whereas vasoactive intestinal polypeptide was devoid of protective activity. The effect of PACAP on astroglial cell survival was abolished by the type 1 PACAP receptor antagonist, PACAP6-38. The protective action of PACAP was blocked by the protein kinase A inhibitor H89, the protein kinase C inhibitor chelerythrine and the mitogen-activated protein (MAP)-kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor U0126. PACAP stimulated glutathione formation, and blocked H(2)O(2)-evoked ROS accumulation and glutathione content reduction. In addition, PACAP prevented the decrease of mitochondrial activity and caspase 3 activation induced by H(2)O(2). Taken together, these data indicate for the first time that PACAP, acting through type 1 PACAP receptor, exerts a potent protective effect against oxidative stress-induced astrocyte death. The anti-apoptotic activity of PACAP on astrocytes is mediated through the protein kinase A, protein kinase C and MAPK transduction pathways, and can be accounted for by inhibition of ROS-induced mitochondrial dysfunctions and caspase 3 activation.
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Contributor : Jérôme Leprince Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 8, 2019 - 10:07:44 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 2:48:02 PM



Olfa Masmoudi-Kouki, Salma Douiri, Yosra Hamdi, Hadhemi Kaddour, Saima Bahdoudi, et al.. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide protects astroglial cells against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. Journal of Neurochemistry, Wiley, 2011, 117 (3), pp.403-411. ⟨10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07185.x⟩. ⟨hal-01973032⟩



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