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Long-lasting airway inflammation associated with equid herpesvirus-2 in experimentally challenged horses

Abstract : The aim of this trial was to investigate the putative involvement of equid herpesvirus 2 (EHV-2) in airway inflammation of adult horses. Six horses received corticosteroid treatment, before either mock infection (n = 2) or EHV-2 strain LK4 inoculation (n = 4). These four horses were also submitted to immunosuppression 84 days post inoculation. EHV-2 was detected by quantitative PCR in respiratory samples up to respectively 21 days and 14 days. Nested PCR, cloning and sequencing allowed the detection of five different ‘field’ strains throughout the trial. Neutrophils proportions were transiently increased in respiratory fluids; neutrophilia being significantly associated with concomitant EHV-2 detection. The laboratory findings reproduced in this trial were compatible with sub-clinical lower airway inflammation and suggest that EHV-2 infection should be suspected when investigating poorly-performing horses.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01968350
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 2, 2019 - 3:38:37 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:07:59 AM

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Guillaume Fortier, Eric Richard, Erika Hue, Christine Fortier, Stéphane Pronost, et al.. Long-lasting airway inflammation associated with equid herpesvirus-2 in experimentally challenged horses. Veterinary Journal, Elsevier, 2013, 197 (2), pp.492-495. ⟨10.1016/j.tvjl.2012.12.027⟩. ⟨hal-01968350⟩

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