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Central effects of native urotensin II on motor activity, ventilatory movements, and heart rate in the trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

Abstract : Urotensin II (UII) has been originally isolated from fish urophysis. However, in fish as in mammals, UII is also produced in brain neurons. Although UII binding sites are widely distributed in the fish central nervous system (CNS), little is known regarding its central activities. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of synthetic trout UII on the duration of motor activity (ACT; evidenced by bursts of activity on the trace of the ventilatory signal), ventilatory frequency (VF), ventilatory amplitude (VA), and heart rate (HR) in unanesthesized trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. ICV injection of very low doses of UII (1 and 5 pmol) produced a dose-dependent increase of ACT without affecting VF, VA, or HR. At a higher dose (50 pmol), UII stimulated ACT as well as VF, VA, and HR. ICV injection of trout angiotensin II (5 pmol) did not affect ACT, VF, and VA, but provoked a robust increase in HR. These data provide the first evidence that central administration of UII stimulates motor activity in a nonmammalian vertebrate.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01962791
Contributor : Jérôme Leprince <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 20, 2018 - 6:48:14 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 7, 2020 - 3:36:04 PM

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Frédéric Lancien, Jérôme Leprince, Nagi Mimassi, Dominique Mabin, Hubert Vaudry, et al.. Central effects of native urotensin II on motor activity, ventilatory movements, and heart rate in the trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Brain Research, Elsevier, 2004, 1023 (2), pp.167-174. ⟨10.1016/j.brainres.2004.07.008⟩. ⟨hal-01962791⟩

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