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Effect of GABAA receptor activation on UT-coupled signaling pathways in rat cortical astrocytes

Abstract : Cultured rat cortical astrocytes express two types of urotensin II (UII) binding sites: a high affinity site corresponding to the UT (GPR14) receptor and a low affinity site that has not been fully characterized. Activation of the high affinity site in astroglial cells stimulates polyphosphoinositide (PIP) turnover and provokes an increase in intracellular calcium concentration. We have hypothesized that the existence of distinct affinity sites for UII in rat cortical astrocytes could be accounted for by a possible cross-talk between UT and the ligand-gated ion channel GABA(A) receptor (GABA A R). Exposure of cultured astrocytes to UII provoked a bell-shaped increase in cAMP production, with an EC50 stimulating value of 0.83+/-0.04 pM, that was totally blocked in the presence of the adenylyl cyclase inhibitor SQ 22,536. In contrast, UII was found to inhibit forskolin-induced cAMP formation. In the presence of the specific PKA inhibitor H89, UII provoked a sustained stimulation of cAMP formation. Inhibition of PKA by H89 strongly reduced the stimulatory effect of UII on PIP metabolism. GABA and the GABA A R agonist isoguvacine provoked a marked inhibition of UII-induced cAMP synthesis and a significant reduction of UII-evoked PIP turnover. These data suggest that functional interaction between UT and GABA(A)R negatively regulates coupling of UT to the classical PLC/IP(3) signaling cascade as well as to the adenylyl cyclase/PKA pathway.
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Contributor : Jérôme Leprince <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 20, 2018 - 5:56:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 9:08:01 AM



Laurence Desrues, Thomas Lefebvre, Mickael Diallo, Pierrick Gandolfo, Jérôme Leprince, et al.. Effect of GABAA receptor activation on UT-coupled signaling pathways in rat cortical astrocytes. Peptides, Elsevier, 2008, 29 (5), pp.727-734. ⟨10.1016/j.peptides.2008.01.024⟩. ⟨hal-01962704⟩



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