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Host defense peptides from Lithobates forreri, Hylarana luctuosa, and Hylarana signata (Ranidae): Phylogenetic relationships inferred from primary structures of ranatuerin-2 and brevinin-2 peptides

Abstract : The primary structures of host-defense peptides present in frog skin secretions constitute useful molecular markers for establishing taxonomic classifications and investigating phylogenetic relationships between species within a particular genus. Peptidomic analysis has led to the characterization of multiple host-defense peptides in norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions of three species of frogs from the family Ranidae: Lithobates forreri (Boulenger, 1883), Hylarana luctuosa (Peters, 1871), and Hylarana signata (Günther, 1872). The L. forreri secretions contain ranatuerin-2 (2 peptides), brevinin-1 (4 peptides), and temporin (1 peptide). The H. luctuosa secretions contain brevinin-2 (4 peptides), esculentin-1 (1 peptide), esculentin-2 (1 peptide), palustrin-2 (2 peptides), and temporin (2 peptides). The H. signata secretions contain brevinin-2 (4 peptides), brevinin-1 (5 peptides), palustrin-2 (1 peptide), and temporin (2 peptides). Cladistic analysis based upon the primary structures of 44 ranatuerin-2 peptides from 20 Lithobates species indicates a close phylogenetic relationship between L. forreri, Lithobates onca, and Lithobates yavapaiensis. A similar cladistic analysis based upon the primary structures of 27 brevinin-2 peptides from 8 Hylarana species provides support for a close phylogenetic relationship between H. signata and Hylarana picturata, while showing that the species are not conspecific, with H. luctuosa more distantly related.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01960971
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 19, 2018 - 4:15:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 7, 2020 - 3:36:04 PM

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J Michael Conlon, Jolanta Kolodziejek, Milena Mechkarska, Laurent Coquet, Jérôme Leprince, et al.. Host defense peptides from Lithobates forreri, Hylarana luctuosa, and Hylarana signata (Ranidae): Phylogenetic relationships inferred from primary structures of ranatuerin-2 and brevinin-2 peptides. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics, Elsevier, 2014, 9, pp.49-57. ⟨10.1016/j.cbd.2014.01.002⟩. ⟨hal-01960971⟩

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