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A family of antimicrobial peptides related to japonicin-2 isolated from the skin of the chaochiao brown frog Rana chaochiaoensis

Abstract : Four structurally-related peptides with antimicrobial activity were isolated from an extract of the skin of the Chinese brown frog, Rana chaochiaoensis Liu, 1946. Determination of their primary structures revealed that they are members of the japonicin-2 family, previously identified only in the skin of the Japanese brown frog, R. japonica. Japonicin-2CHa (FVLPLLGILPKELCIVLKKNC) represented the most abundant peptide in the extract but its growth-inhibitory potency against Staphylococcus aureus (minimum inhibitory concentration, MIC=100 microM) and Escherichia coli (MIC>100 microM) was appreciably less than that of the more cationic japonicin-2 (FGLPMLSILPKALCILLKRKC). The high degree of structural similarity of japonicin-2CHb (VVPAFVLLKKAICIMLKRNC) with japonicin-2CHc (K9 --> R), and japonicin-2CHd (L16 --> F) is suggestive of recent gene duplication events. The data indicate a close phylogenetic relationship between R. chaochiaoensis and R. japonica but demonstrate that the species are not conspecific.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 19, 2018 - 4:00:49 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 7, 2020 - 3:36:04 PM

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J Michael Conlon, Jérôme Leprince, Hu Vaudry, Hu Jiansheng, Per Nielsen, et al.. A family of antimicrobial peptides related to japonicin-2 isolated from the skin of the chaochiao brown frog Rana chaochiaoensis. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C: Toxicology and Pharmacology, Elsevier, 2006, 144 (1), pp.101-105. ⟨10.1016/j.cbpc.2006.07.007⟩. ⟨hal-01960891⟩

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