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The proenkephalin A-processing product peptide E, which encompasses two enkephalin sequences, has a much lower opioid activity than beta-endorphin.

Abstract : Peptide E is a 25-amino acid peptide derived from proenkephalin A that was originally isolated from the bovine adrenal medulla. Bovine peptide E (BPE), which possesses a Met- and a Leu-enkephalin sequence at its N- and C-terminus, respectively, has been described as a highly potent and selective mu-opioid receptor agonist. Paradoxically, the frog counterpart of peptide E (FPE), which exhibits only two amino acid substitutions (Met15-->Gln and Leu25-->Met) compared with BPE, was found to be totally devoid of antinociceptive activity. To decipher this apparent discrepancy, we have decided to compare the structural and pharmacological characteristics of FPE, BPE, and the chimeric peptide [Gln15]BPE (Q15BPE). In methanol, all three peptides exhibited virtually the same conformation, the central region of each peptide (residues 10-20) being involved in a regular helix. Intracerebroventricular administration of FPE, BPE, or Q15BPE, at doses up to 1000 ng per mouse, did not induce any analgesic effects, as evaluated by the hot plate and writhing tests, whereas, in the same tests, beta-endorphin at a dose of 100 ng provoked profound analgesia. Concomitant administration of FPE, BPE, or Q15BPE (100 ng) with the aminopeptidase-N inhibitor bestatin (50 microg) or the endopeptidase 24-11 inhibitor thiorphan (10 microg) did not produce analgesic responses. Antinociceptive effects were only observed when very high doses of FPE, BPE, and Q15BPE (10000 ng per mouse) were administered. These data clearly demonstrate that, contrary to what has been previously reported, peptide E is virtually devoid of opioid activity.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01960871
Contributor : Jérôme Leprince <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 19, 2018 - 3:55:39 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 7, 2020 - 3:36:04 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01960871, version 1
  • PUBMED : 10477088

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C Condamine, Jérôme Leprince, C Suaudeau, C. Mayer, D Davoust, et al.. The proenkephalin A-processing product peptide E, which encompasses two enkephalin sequences, has a much lower opioid activity than beta-endorphin.. Peptides, Elsevier, 1999, 20 (7), pp.865-71. ⟨hal-01960871⟩

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