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l-Lysine Acts as a Serotonin Type 4 Receptor Antagonist to Counteract In Vitro and In Vivo the Stimulatory Effect of Serotonergic Agents on Aldosterone Secretion in Man

Abstract : In the normal human adrenal gland, serotonin (5-HT) stimulates aldosterone secretion through the 5-HT4 receptor (5-HT4R). However, the physiological role of the serotonergic control of adrenocortical function is not known. In the present study, we have investigated the ability of l-Lysine, which has been shown to act as a 5-HT4 receptor antagonist, to counteract in vitro and in vivo the stimulatory effect of 5-HT4R agonists on aldosterone production. l-Lysine was found to inhibit aldosterone production induced by 5-HT and the 5-HT4R agonists BIMU8 from cultured human adrenocortical cells. The action of l-Lysine (4.95 g/day orally) on the adrenal cortex was also evaluated in 20 healthy volunteers in a double blind, cross-over, placebo controlled study. l-Lysine had no significant influence on basal plasma aldosterone levels and the aldosterone responses to upright posture, tetracosactide, and low sodium diet (10 mmol/day for 3 days). Conversely, l-Lysine significantly reduced the surge of plasma aldosterone induced by metoclopramide indicating that l-Lysine is able to efficiently antagonize the adrenal 5-HT4 receptors in vivo. These results suggest that l-Lysine supplementation may represent a new treatment of primary adrenal diseases in which corticosteroid hypersecretion is driven by overexpressed 5-HT4 receptors.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01931445
Contributor : Céline Duparc <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 22, 2018 - 6:00:37 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 7, 2020 - 3:36:04 PM

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Céline Duparc, C. Andre, J. Ménard, Béatrice Godouet-Getti, Julien Wils, et al.. l-Lysine Acts as a Serotonin Type 4 Receptor Antagonist to Counteract In Vitro and In Vivo the Stimulatory Effect of Serotonergic Agents on Aldosterone Secretion in Man. Hormone and Metabolic Research, Thieme Publishing, 2017, 49 (04), pp.269 - 275. ⟨10.1055/s-0042-122781⟩. ⟨hal-01931445⟩

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