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Characterization of Serotonin 4 Receptors in Adrenocortical Aldosterone-Producing Adenomas: In Vivo and in Vitro Studies

Abstract : We have previously shown that serotonin (5-HT) stimulates aldosterone secretion from the human adrenal gland through activation of 5-HT(4) receptors. The aim of the present study was to investigate in vivo and in vitro the presence of 5-HT(4) receptors in aldosterone-producing adenomas (aldosteronomas). Eight patients with aldosteronoma received a single oral dose of placebo or cisapride (10 mg). Cisapride administration significantly increased plasma aldosterone within 120 min without any significant change in renin, cortisol, or potassium levels. In two patients, a marked decrease in the plasma aldosterone response to cisapride was observed after surgical removal of the tumor. The effects of 5-HT and selective 5-HT(4) ligands on aldosterone production from aldosteronoma tissues were studied in vitro using a perifusion system technique. 5-HT and the 5-HT(4) receptor agonist cisapride (10(-7) M, 20 min) both stimulated aldosterone secretion from aldosteronoma slices. The 5-HT- and cisapride-evoked aldosterone responses were inhibited by concomitant administration of the specific 5-HT(4) receptor antagonist GR 113808 (10(-7) M, 150 min). PCR amplification revealed the expression of 5-HT(4) receptor mRNA in 13 of 14 aldosteronomas studied. Taken together, these data show that most aldosteronomas, like normal glomerulosa cells, express a functional 5-HT(4) receptor. Our results also suggest that 5-HT, which can be locally released by intratumoral mast cells, may play a role in the pathophysiology of these tumors.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01928563
Contributor : Céline Duparc <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 20, 2018 - 3:55:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:04:34 AM

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Hervé Lefebvre, Dorthe Cartier, Céline Duparc, Isabelle Lihrmann, Vincent Contesse, et al.. Characterization of Serotonin 4 Receptors in Adrenocortical Aldosterone-Producing Adenomas: In Vivo and in Vitro Studies. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Endocrine Society, 2002, 87 (3), pp.1211 - 1216. ⟨10.1210/jcem.87.3.8327⟩. ⟨hal-01928563⟩

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