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Highly sulphated galactan from Halymenia durvillei (Halymeniales, Rhodophyta), a red seaweed of Madagascar marine coasts

Abstract : Halymenia durvillei is a red seaweed with a great potential as sulphated galactan producer collected in the coastal waters of small island of Madagascar (Nosy-be in Indian Ocean). To elucidate the structure of its polysaccharide, NMR (1H and 13C), FTIR, HPAEC and different colorimetric methods were carried out. It has been shown that this polysaccharide, consisted mainly of galactose, was branched by xylose and galactose in minor amounts. Arabinose and fucose were also detected. This galactan was found highly sulphated (42%, w/w) and pyruvylated (1.8%, w/w). Analysis of glycosidic linkages by CPG-MS and 13C NMR indicated that the polysaccharide has the defining linear backbone of alternating 3-β-d-galactopyranosyl units and 4-linked α-l/d-galactopyranosyl residues. 3,6-Anhydrogalactose units have been also detected in minor quantity. This λ-carrageenan like polysaccharide has shown original sulphatation patterns with 2-O (26%) or 2/6-O (58%) sulphated 3-linked β-d-galactopyranosyl units and 6-O (19%) or 2/6-O (47%) 4-linked α-l/d-galactopyranosyl residues.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01866800
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Submitted on : Monday, September 3, 2018 - 4:14:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 2, 2020 - 3:28:33 AM

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A. Fenoradosoa, C. Delattre, C. Laroche, A. Wadouachi, V. Dulong, et al.. Highly sulphated galactan from Halymenia durvillei (Halymeniales, Rhodophyta), a red seaweed of Madagascar marine coasts. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Elsevier, 2009, 45 (2), pp.140 - 145. ⟨10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2009.04.015⟩. ⟨hal-01866800⟩

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