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L'exil des affections pures. À propos d'une formule d'Ovide et de sa reprise biranienne

Abstract : The aim of this article is to examine in the thought of Maine de Biran the tenor and meaning of a phrase borrowed from Ovid (also taken over by Montaigne and Rousseau): vivit, et est vitae nescius ipse suae ("he is alive, yet is himself unconscious of his own life"). This examination furnishes a pretext for approaching Maine de Biran's theory of sensibility, especially the system of internal, pure and unsituatable affections, which conspire to form the temperament, to which we are almost entirely blind, although they do not cease to tinge our conscious life, and reverberate in the individual's psychic life. Should one speak of the scission of Maine de Biran's subject? The problem is to surprise and name the passage, the transition. But can the ego catch its own disappearance by surprise? The formula invited by Biran to point to this kind of approach — that of internal touch or affective touch — must be contrasted with active touch, and it is necessary to realise that music furnishes the model for the sympathy proper to the affective life. (Transl. by J. Dudley).
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Anne Devarieux. L'exil des affections pures. À propos d'une formule d'Ovide et de sa reprise biranienne. Revue philosophique de Louvain, Peeters Publishers, 2005, t.103 (1-2), pp.139-158. ⟨hal-01854590⟩

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