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Micro- to Macroscopic Observations of MnAlPO-5 Nanocrystal Growth in Ionic-Liquid Media

Abstract : Micro‐ and macroscopic studies of nucleation and growth processes of MnAlPO‐5 nanosized crystals under ionothermal synthesis conditions are reported herein. The samples treated at 150 °C were extracted from the reaction mixture at various stages of crystallization, and characterized by XRD; SEM; thermogravimetric analysis (TGA); 31P and 27Al solid‐state magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR, Raman, UV/Vis, and X‐ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF). The starting raw materials (alumina, manganese, and phosphorous) were dissolved completely in the ionic liquid and transformed into an amorphous solid after 5 h of ionothermal treatment. This amorphous solid then undergoes structural changes over the following 5–25 h, which result in an intermediate phase that consists of octahedral Al species linked to the manganese and phosphate species. The first MnAlPO‐5 nuclei on the surface of the intermediate can be observed after 50 h ionoheating. These nuclei further grow, as the surface of the intermediate is in full contact with the ionic liquid, to give crystalline MnAlPO‐5 nanoparticles with a mean diameter of 80 nm. The crystals become fully detached from the intermediate and are then liberated as discrete particles after 90 h heating. The transformation process from amorphous to intermediate and then to the crystalline MnAlPO‐5 nanoparticles shows that nucleation starts at the solid–liquid interface and continues through surface‐to‐core reversed‐growth until the entire amorphous solid is transformed into discrete nanocrystals.
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Eng-Poh Ng, Lama Itani, Satpal Singh Sekhon, Svetlana Mintova. Micro- to Macroscopic Observations of MnAlPO-5 Nanocrystal Growth in Ionic-Liquid Media. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2010, 16 (43), pp.12890 - 12897. ⟨10.1002/chem.201001083⟩. ⟨hal-01840490⟩



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