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Root exudate of Solanum tuberosum is enriched in galactose-containing molecules and impacts the growth of Pectobacterium atrosepticum

Abstract : Background and aims Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is an important food crop and is grown worldwide. It is, however, significantly sensitive to a number of soil-borne pathogens that affect roots and tubers, causing considerable economic losses. So far, most research on potato has been dedicated to tubers and hence little attention has been paid to root structure and function. Methods In the present study we characterized root border cells using histochemical staining, immunofluorescence labelling of cell wall polysaccharides epitopes and observation using laser confocal microscopy. The monosaccharide composition of the secreted exudates was determined by gas chromatography of trimethylsilyl methylglycoside derivatives. The effects of root exudates and secreted arabinogalactan proteins on bacterial growth were investigated using in vitro bioassays. Key Results Root exudate from S. tuberosum was highly enriched in galactose-containing molecules including arabinogalactan proteins as major components. Treatment of the root with an elicitor derived from Pectobacterium atrosepticum, a soil-borne pathogen of potato, altered the composition of the exudates and arabinogalactan proteins. We found that the growth of the bacterium in vitro was differentially affected by exudates from elicited and non-elicited roots (i.e. inhibition versus stimulation). Conclusions Taken together, these findings indicate that galactose-containing polymers of potato root exudates play a central role in root–microbe interactions.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01837958
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Submitted on : Friday, July 13, 2018 - 8:43:55 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 24, 2020 - 4:32:02 PM

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Abdoul Salam Koroney, Carole Plasson, Barbara Pawlak, Ramatou Sidikou, Azeddine Driouich, et al.. Root exudate of Solanum tuberosum is enriched in galactose-containing molecules and impacts the growth of Pectobacterium atrosepticum. Annals of Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2016, 118 (4), pp.797 - 808. ⟨10.1093/aob/mcw128⟩. ⟨hal-01837958⟩

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