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Holaphyllamine, a steroid, is able to induce defense responses in Arabidopsis thaliana and increases resistance against bacterial infection

Abstract : A chemical screen of plant-derived compounds identified holaphyllamine, a steroid, able to trigger defense responses in Arabidopsis thaliana and improve resistance against the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato DC3000. A chemical screen of 1600 plant-derived compounds was conducted and allowed the identification of a steroid able to activate defense responses in A. thaliana at a concentration of 1 µM without altering growth. The identified compound is holaphyllamine (HPA) whose chemical structure is similar to steroid pregnanes of mammals. Our data show that HPA, which is not constitutively present in A. thaliana, is able to trigger the formation of reactive oxygen species, deposition of callose and expression of several pathogenesis-related genes of the salicylic and jasmonic acid pathways. In addition, the results show that pre-treatment of A. thaliana seedlings with HPA before infection with the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato DC3000 results in a significant reduction of symptoms (i.e., reduction of bacterial colonies). Using A. thaliana mutants, we have found that the activation of defense responses by HPA does not depend on BRI1/BAK1 receptor kinases. Finally, a structure/function study reveals that the minimal structure required for activity is a 5-pregnen-20-one steroid with an equatorial nucleophilic group in C-3. Together, these findings demonstrate that HPA can activate defense responses that lead to improved resistance against bacterial infection in A. thaliana.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01837955
Contributor : Arnaud Lehner <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 13, 2018 - 8:35:46 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 1, 2020 - 1:24:02 PM

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Abderrakib Zahid, Rim Jaber, Ferdousse Laggoun, Arnaud Lehner, Isabelle Remy-Jouet, et al.. Holaphyllamine, a steroid, is able to induce defense responses in Arabidopsis thaliana and increases resistance against bacterial infection. Planta, Springer Verlag, 2017, 246 (6), pp.1109 - 1124. ⟨10.1007/s00425-017-2755-z⟩. ⟨hal-01837955⟩

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