, central manner in this chapter and associate with it the very old notion of lettrure 15

, Lettrure is a term that was already in use in France in the 12 th and 13 th centuries. It has been updated today because " the French language does not possess the equivalent of the English word literacy, which refers to the ability to read and write " 16 . We consider it also as a signtrace to signify ? as we shall remind you throughout this chapter ? that the sign without the presupposition of the trace is mute and that digital writing is a sign-trace that reading reifies

, The rest of this article cannot be accessed on-line)

, Lettrure: in the Middle Ages, referred to reading and writing activities perceived as a single activity, Cf. infra paragraph, vol.4

M. Sissung-cited-in-souchier, E. La, and «. Lettrure, Lire & écrire au regard des médias informatisés », Communication & langages 2012, pp.85-108