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Les gazettes de l’Ancien Régime : Approche quantitative pour l’analyse d’un « espace de l’information »

Abstract : The Old Regime Gazettes. A quantitative Approach to the Analysis of an information space. Studied from the standpoint of a geography of information the gazettes of the Old Regime reveal a European space of news exchange whose periodicity was articulated in structured networks. Its working have been brought to light through a data base of 20.327 news items published in the Gazette de Renaudot from 1647 to 1663, the parameters of a vast statistical study of information (frequence of insertion, linear volume, time lags between news emission and publication). This reveals a coherent distribution system, as well as a sum of discontinuities and ruptures specific to a commodity sensitive to conjuncture. A cartographic presentation reveals both the structure and the development of European news exchange. This approach opens possibilities for comparative analysis over several years and with other periodicals. Particularly noteworthy is that, besides geographic constraints, the study shows the considerable influence of political choice on the organization of circuits of information and the modalities of publication.
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Stéphane Haffemayer. Les gazettes de l’Ancien Régime : Approche quantitative pour l’analyse d’un « espace de l’information ». Histoire & Mesure, EHESS, 1997, 12 (1), pp.69-91. ⟨10.3406/hism.1997.1486⟩. ⟨hal-01778498⟩



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