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Reduction of Cortical Infarction and Impairment of Apoptosis in NGF-Transgenic Mice Subjected to Permanent Focal Ischemia.

Abstract : The neuroprotective potential of the nerve growth factor (NGF) against permanent ischemic brain damage has been investigated in vivo using NGF-transgenic (tg) mice. The expression of the transgene is driven by part of the promoter of the proto-oncogene c-fos, which belongs to the first set of genes activated after brain ischemic insult. Wild-type (wt) mice and tg mice were subjected to permanent focal ischemia induced by electrocoagulation of the middle cerebral artery. Twenty four hours (h) after the ischemic shock, when compared to wt, tg mice displayed a 40% reduction of the infarcted area, which lasted up to 1 week. However, infarcted brain areas were similar in wt and tg mice within the first hours post-occlusion, indicating that NGF acted to block the progression of neuronal damage. Kinetics of NGF synthesis assessed by ELISA was in good agreement with the observed neuroprotective effect, since NGF content peaked 6 h post-ischemia. This was further correlated with the time-course of c-Fos immunoreactivity, detectable only from 6 h post-ischemia. The neuroprotective effect of NGF involved the impairment of apoptotic cell death, as evidenced by a marked decrease of the number of apoptotic profiles inside the ischemic zone in tg mice. These results underline the potential of c-fos-NGF-tg mice to study in vivo the molecular and cellular mechanisms of the NGF-induced neuroprotective effect against ischemic damage.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 9, 2018 - 3:52:49 PM
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Guégan C, Onténiente B, Makiura Y, Merad-Boudia M, Ceballos-Picot I, et al.. Reduction of Cortical Infarction and Impairment of Apoptosis in NGF-Transgenic Mice Subjected to Permanent Focal Ischemia.. Brain research. Molecular brain research, 1998, 55 (1), pp.133-140. ⟨10.1016/s0169-328x(97)00372-0⟩. ⟨hal-01762048⟩



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