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Multixenobiotic resistance in Mytilus edulis : Molecular and functional characterization of an ABCG2- type transporter in hemocytes and gills

Abstract : Among the cellular protection arsenal, ABC transporters play an important role in xenobiotic efflux in marine organisms. Two pumps belonging to B and C subfamily has been identified in Mytilus edulis. In this study, we investigated the presence of the third major subtype ABCG2/BCRP protein in mussel tissues. Transcript was expressed in hemocytes and with higher level in gills. Molecular characterization revealed that mussel ABCG2 transporter shares the sequence and organizational structure with mammalian and molluscan orthologs. Overall identity of the predicted amino acid sequence with corresponding homologs from other organisms was between 49% and 98%. Moreover, protein efflux activity was demonstrated using a combination of fluorescent allocrites and specific inhibitors. The accumulation of bodipy prazosin and pheophorbide A was heterogeneous in gills and hemocytes. Most of the used blockers enhanced probe accumulation at different levels, most significantly for bodipy prazosin. Moreover, Mrp classical blocker MK571 showed a polyspecificity. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that several ABC transporters contribute to MXR phenotype in the blue mussel including ABCG2 that forms an active pump in hemocytes and gills. Efforts are needed to distinguish between the different members and to explore their single function and specificity towards allocrites and chemosensitizers.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 6:35:21 PM
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Yosra Ben Cheikh, Benoît Xuereb, Céline Boulange-Lecomte, Frank Le Foll. Multixenobiotic resistance in Mytilus edulis : Molecular and functional characterization of an ABCG2- type transporter in hemocytes and gills. Aquatic Toxicology, Elsevier, 2017, 195, pp.88-96. ⟨10.1016/j.aquatox.2017.12.012⟩. ⟨hal-01755816⟩

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