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Hydraulic Analysis of Harmonic Pumping Tests in Frequency and Time Domains for Identifying the Conduits Networks in a Karstic Aquifer

Abstract : In a karstic field, the flow paths are very complex as they globally follow the conduit network. The responses generated from an investigation in this type of aquifer can be spatially highly variable. Therefore, the aim of the investigation in this case is to define a degree of connectivity between points of the field, in order to understand these flow paths. Harmonic pumping tests represent a possible investigation method for characterizing the subsurface flow of groundwater. They have several advantages compared to a constant-rate pumping (more signal possibilities, ease of extracting the signal in the responses and possibility of closed loop investigation). We show in this work that interpreting the responses from a harmonic pumping test is very useful for delineating a degree of connectivity between measurement points. We have firstly studied the amplitude and phase offset of responses from a harmonic pumping test in a theoretical synthetic modeling case in order to define a qualitative interpretation method in the time and frequency domains. Three different type of responses have been separated: a conduit connectivity response, a matrix connectivity, and a dual connectivity (response of a point in the matrix, but close to a conduit). We have then applied this method to measured responses at a field research site. Our interpretation method permits a quick and easy reconstruction of the main flow paths, and the whole set of field responses appear to give a similar range of responses to those seen in the theoretical synthetic case.
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https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01742261
Contributor : Pierre Weill <>
Submitted on : Saturday, March 24, 2018 - 12:59:17 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 27, 2020 - 4:26:29 PM

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P Fischer, Abderrahim Jardani, M Cardiff, N. Lecoq, H Jourde. Hydraulic Analysis of Harmonic Pumping Tests in Frequency and Time Domains for Identifying the Conduits Networks in a Karstic Aquifer. Journal of Hydrology, Elsevier, 2018, 559, pp.1039--1053. ⟨10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.03.010⟩. ⟨hal-01742261⟩

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