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Biochemical Characterization and Immunocytochemical Localization of EM66, a Novel Peptide Derived from Secretogranin II, in the Rat Pituitary and Adrenal Glands

Abstract : Characterization of secretogranin II (SgII) mRNA in various vertebrates has revealed selective conservation of the amino acid sequences of two regions of the protein, i.e., the bioactive peptide secretoneurin and a flanking novel peptide that we named EM66. To help elucidate the possible role of EM66, we examined the occurrence as well as the cellular and subcellular distribution of EM66 in rat pituitary and adrenal glands by using a polyclonal antibody raised against the recombinant human EM66 peptide. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of rat pituitary and adrenal extracts combined with a radioimmu-noassay resolved EM66-immunoreactive material exhibiting the same retention time as recom-binant EM66. In the rat pituitary, double-labeling immunohistochemical (IHC) studies showed that EM66 immunoreactivity (IR) was present in gonadotrophs, lactotrophs, thyrotrophs, and melanotrophs, whereas corticotrophs were devoid of labeling. EM66-IR was also observed in nerve endings in the neural lobe. Immunocytochemical staining at the electron microscopic level revealed that EM66-IR is sequestered in the secretory granules within gonadotrophs and lactotrophs. In the adrenal medulla, double IHC labeling showed that EM66-IR occurs exclusively in epinephrine-synthesizing cells. At the ultrastructural level, EM66-IR was seen in chro-maffin vesicles of adrenomedullary cells. These results demonstrate that post-translational processing of SgII generates a novel peptide that exhibits a cell-specific distribution in the rat pituitary and adrenal glands where it is stored in secretory granules, supporting the notion that EM66 may play a role in the endocrine system. (J Histochem Cytochem 51:1083–1095, 2003)
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Maite Montero-Hadjadje, Georges Pelletier, Laurent Yon, Songyun Li, Johann Guillemot, et al.. Biochemical Characterization and Immunocytochemical Localization of EM66, a Novel Peptide Derived from Secretogranin II, in the Rat Pituitary and Adrenal Glands. Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry, Histochemical Society, 2003, 51 (8), pp.1083 - 1095. ⟨10.1177/002215540305100812⟩. ⟨hal-01706425⟩

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