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An easy-to-use technique to characterize cardiodynamics from first-return maps on ΔRR-intervals

Abstract : Heart rate variability analysis using 24-h Holter monitoring is frequently performed to assess the cardiovascular status of a patient. The present retrospective study is based on the beat-to-beat interval variations or ΔRR, which offer a better view of the underlying structures governing the cardiodynamics than the common RR-intervals. By investigating data for three groups of adults (with normal sinus rhythm, congestive heart failure, and atrial fibrillation, respectively), we showed that the first-return maps built on ΔRR can be classified according to three structures: (i) a moderate central disk, (ii) a reduced central disk with well-defined segments, and (iii) a large triangular shape. These three very different structures can be distinguished by computing a Shannon entropy based on a symbolic dynamics and an asymmetry coefficient, here introduced to quantify the balance between accelerations and decelerations in the cardiac rhythm. The probability P111111 of successive heart beats without large beat-to-beat fluctuations allows to assess the regularity of the cardiodynamics. A characteristic time scale, corresponding to the partition inducing the largest Shannon entropy, was also introduced to quantify the ability of the heart to modulate its rhythm: it was significantly different for the three structures of first-return maps. A blind validation was performed to validate the technique.
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Emeline Fresnel, Emad Yacoub, Ubiratan Freitas, Adrien Kerfourn, Valérie Messager, et al.. An easy-to-use technique to characterize cardiodynamics from first-return maps on ΔRR-intervals. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, American Institute of Physics, 2015, 25, pp.83111 - 83111. ⟨10.1063/1.4928334⟩. ⟨hal-01672086⟩

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