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Reorientation dynamics of microswimmers at fluid-fluid interfaces

Abstract : We study the orientational and translational dynamics of spherical microswimmers trapped at fluid interfaces in terms of the force dipole and source dipole components of their flow field. Using numerical simulations and analytical calculations, we show that the force dipole exerts a torque, orienting pushers parallel to the interface and pullers in the normal direction. The source dipole results in particle rotation only for a finite viscosity contrast between the two fluids, in agreement with previous studies. The superposition of these two contributions leads to a rotational dynamics with a steady-state orientation that depends on the relative magnitudes of the force and source dipoles. In the general case, swimmers with weak force dipoles and strong pullers are observed to align perpendicular to the interface and become stationary, while strong pushers have a finite inclination angle toward the lower viscosity fluid and swim along the interface.
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Contributor : Alois Würger Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, April 25, 2022 - 6:24:45 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 3:36:59 AM


2022 PR Fluids Interface parti...
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Harinadha Gidituri, Zaiyi Shen, Alois Würger, Juho Lintuvuori. Reorientation dynamics of microswimmers at fluid-fluid interfaces. Physical Review Fluids, American Physical Society, 2022, 7 (4), pp.L042001. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevFluids.7.L042001⟩. ⟨hal-03651581⟩



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